People are getting more and more inclined to herbal treatment or herbal medicines nowadays. Consequently, the demand for CBD products is more on the rise than ever. CBD hemp is a popular natural compound for its various health healing properties, especially for the effects of reducing pains and inflammation. Besides these, CBD has many other health benefits that people can experience easily. The main focus is to help you gather all there is to know about CBD, types of CBD and CBD products with effects, the interaction of CBD with the body, and the uses and the absolute health benefits. But one question remains- Does CBD get you high? Find out the answer as we break down all of your queries in this one article.
What is CBD?
CBD is the short form of cannabidiol, a chemical compound of Cannabis Sativa plants. It has a molecular structure of 30 hydrogen atoms, 2 oxygen atoms, and 21 carbon atoms (C21H30O2), first identified by Dr. Mechoulam.
CBD is one of the most prominent cannabinoids of cannabis plants (hemp and marijuana). Roger Adams, the Harvard University alumni, was the first to bring out the healing properties of a Cannabis sativa plant in 1940. It’s one of more than 100 natural compounds found in cannabis plants. CBD mainly comes from hemp up to 40% of its extracts.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is another famous compound of the same chemical structure, coming from the same group of plants- marijuana. But THC has different effects than CBD. THC is well known all over the world for its psychoactive solid effects of feeling “high.”
All Types of CBD Explained
We get CBD from cannabis, a family of plants. The cannabis plants have hundreds of natural compounds, including:
Their chemical composition differs with the plant strain and variety. A plant variety isn’t the only responsible factor. Techniques of harvesting and refinement can also change the compounds that appear in CBD products.
CBD products have either full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, or isolate cannabidiol:
- Full-spectrum CBD products contain CBD with terpenes, flavonoids, and other cannabinoids like THC. THC is a compound that can make a person feel “high.”
- Broad-spectrum CBD products contain additional compounds, including terpenes and other cannabinoids than CBD. This type of CBD is processed by removing any THC and is most often sold as an oil.
- CBD isolate contains only CBD and no THC. CBD isolate is pure CBD. It doesn’t contain any additional compounds from the plant extracted from. CBD isolate generally gets in from hemp plants and doesn’t contain THC.
CBD appears in many forms. Although they have similar effects, they all are slightly different.
Oils and tinctures: Oils infused with CBD are highly sought-after as they are easy to take and get absorbed into the body very fast. CBD oils and tinctures usually are used sublingually or placed under the tongue by a dropper.
Capsules and pills: CBD capsules and pills can be helpful with various issues like sleep deprivation, digestive problems, and seizures. The primary difference between a pill and oil is that the pill takes a little longer to be absorbed by the body.
Creams and lotions: Some CBD-infused lotions and creams are used to relieve pains- muscle and joint pains. Others are beneficial for different skin problems like eczema or acne. Some skincare products even have CBD in them.
Edibles: CBD gummies are a popular choice. Now you can find CBD also in candy, cookies, chocolates, and even beer and wine.
Vaping: The quickest way to get the effects of CBD is to take in vaporized CBD oil with an e-cigarette. Vaping CBD oil delivers it into your bloodstream to absorb quickly. But the safety of vaping is seriously questioned nowadays. So think of it before inhaling.
How Does CBD Interact with Your Body?
CBD interacts with your body through the endocannabinoid system (ECS). It takes part in some essential functions like appetite, sleep, movement, memory, and soothing pain and inflammation. Endocannabinoids, receptors, and enzymes form the ECS.
CBD interacts with the ECS to reset your body. CBD vitalizes or stimulates the ECS receptors and permits the body to create its cannabinoids. CBD also slows down the enzyme FAAH (fatty acid amide hydrolase) to destroy AEA (anandamide), an endocannabinoid in the ECS. This permits therapeutic effects to survive.
Endocannabinoids are human body-produced molecules same as cannabinoids found in cannabis. The main endocannabinoids found in the ECS are anandamide (AEA) and 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG).
The cannabinoid receptors, which are found throughout the whole body, act as a lock and key to combine with endocannabinoids. While interacting with these receptors, the endocannabinoids cause to alter the release of neurotransmitters to make communications between nerve cells. The ECS continuously uses endocannabinoids and cannabinoid receptors to make the required adjustments to keep multiple functions in a balanced state.
Two subtypes of cannabinoid receptors are identified in our body- CB1 and CB2. The CB1 receptor mainly appears in the central nervous system (the brain and the spinal cord) and takes part in regulating functions like:
- Pain perception
The CB1 receptor has also been found in other parts of the body – the lung, bone marrow, heart, and tonsils.
The CB2 receptor is identified on the immune system and mainly targets-
The CB2 receptor is found in the peripheral organs. It impacts the reproductive system, liver, bone, eyes, and skin.
The endocannabinoids found in our bodies activate these two receptors. The enzymes in the ECS break down endocannabinoids after performing their jobs. The enzyme, fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH), breaks down AEA, and monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL) destroys 2-AG.
Does CBD Get You High?
CBD and THC are two different constituents of cannabis Sativa plants. Both of them are cannabinoids but have different effects. Generally, CBD is short form of cannabidiol, comes from hemp, and it has no psychoactive effect of causing a “high” feeling in the body. On the other hand, THC is got from marijuana with severe psychoactive effects that can get you high.
THC is known for its psychoactive solid effects of feeling “high.” Many people may think that CBD causes the same effects as marijuana or THC because both are extracted from the same plant. The fact is that isolated CBD is nonintoxicating. It doesn’t affect psychological brain action seriously and doesn’t cause a “high.” Even the full-spectrum CBD or the broad spectrum CBD is not enough to get you high. CBD hemp has no psychoactive effects since the hemp plant has not more than 0.3% of THC.
Hemp-extracted CBD can be added to some products, including tinctures, lotions, and oils. One of the more popular CBD products, CBD oil, doesn’t get you high. You can use it sublingually (under the tongue) or get mixed with drinks, food, or vape pens. Even unlike an overdose, too much CBD cannot make you high as human tolerance is much higher.
Most bottles of CBD tinctures have 100 to 1,500 milligrams of CBD. Although this might seem like a lot, a human body can consume about 20,000 mg before it becomes risky.
If you’re used to taking CBD regularly, the risk of taking too much CBD might be minimal. But If you’re a beginner and have more than the recommended amount or just want to get more benefits, the results might be problematic. Side effects might add some or all of the following:
- Digestive issues such as an upset stomach, diarrhea, etc.
- A high and persistent level of drowsiness
- An otherwise unexplained change in appetite
- A feeling of lethargy
- A sudden change in body weight
These are some of the well-researched dosages of CBD in general:
- Doses of up to 300 mg a day you can safely use for up to 6 months
- Doses of around 1200-1500 mg a day can be used safely for up to 4 weeks
- 2.5 mg per day under-the-tongue sprays you can safely use for up to 2 weeks
Can CBD Make You Fail A Drug Test?
Can CBD make you fail a drug test? It’s a general question. The precise answer is ‘no.’ But there is a complexity regarding the test. The US-based 5-panel standard drug test is made to look for-
Usually, hemp-produced CBD can’t make you fail a drug test. But poorly made CBD products may have traces of other compounds to cause a false positive for marijuana. Many people require a drug test from time to time. Most of these drug tests look for THC in addition to other illegal drugs.
Most CBD products are derived from cannabis Sativa, or hemp. If you think of CBD vs. THC, you can see that marijuana is highly rich in THC and little CBD. Marijuana may have a THC level of around 5 to 25% compared to hemp’s THC level of 0.3% or lower. On the other hand, hemp may contain CBD up to 40% as extracts and little THC. The Broad-spectrum CBD has only 0.3% or less THC, whereas CBD isolate has no THC at all.
The federal Farm Bill of 2018 describes hemp as any cannabis Sativa plant of not more than 0.3 percent THC, which makes CBD legal. This isn’t enough THC to make you feel stoned or high like you would from marijuana plants. But is this enough THC to fail a urine or drug test? The answer is yes.
Drug tests cannot differentiate between THC derived legally from hemp and THC extracted illegally from marijuana. Even in the case of hemp plants having a scanty amount of THC not more than 0.3 percent, it is enough to show positive during a drug test.
Cannabidiol (CBD) shouldn’t show up on a drug test. But many CBD products contain trace amounts of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), a main active ingredient of marijuana. If there is enough THC present, it is sure to show up on a drug test.
Health Uses and Effects of CBD
The reason for growing public and research interests in CBD is its potential health benefits. CBD does not make bonds with either CB1 or CB2 receptors. In 2018, the FDA approved Epidiolex, a CBD prescription for treating epilepsy. Anecdotal evidence and preliminary research suggest that CBD may help treat many conditions-
- Nerve and muscle pain
- Weight loss
- Chemotherapy side effects
In 2017, the World Health Organization (WHO) stated on CBD’s therapeutic benefits for people with:
- Neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s, multiple sclerosis (MS), Parkinson’s, and Huntington’s disease
- Chronic pain
- Brain injuries related to restricted blood flow
- Cardiovascular diseases
- Inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis
- Inflammatory bowel and Crohn’s diseases
- Complications of diabetes
The Bottom Line
CBD of hemp industry with 0.3% or less THC doesn’t get you high. This CBD is legal in the states of the USA under different conditions. CBD ground is getting more significant for its positive health benefits over time. But there is one disturbing thing you should be aware of. Numerous CBD products are available in the markets, but many of them are not accurate or pure. You should do some homework to acquire knowledge before you go for picking the right CBD product for you.