Actions of hemp and cbd oil

CBD oil has turned into a popular natural remedy in the last several years for its ability to alleviate a wide range of symptoms and many health healing conditions. But yet, people seem to get very little of this non-intoxicating cannabis extract due to insufficient knowledge about it.

With the grown interest in CBD oil, people have renewed their interest in hemp oil as well. So, common questions about hemp oil vs. CBD oil have arisen because both products are derived from the hemp plant. Although extracted from the same plant, they have different effects on the body.

Hemp oil and CBD oil have crucial differences in affecting your body and health. To determine which one is right for you, you should explore the differences between CBD vs. hemp oil and the ingredients they comprise. Keep reading to learn more about the differences between hemp seed oil vs. CBD oil in terms of uses, working, effects and benefits, making and sources, risks and side effects.

hemp vs cbd

Hemp Oil

The more accurate name of “Hemp oil” is hemp seed oil. The name indicates that it’s produced from the seeds of the hemp plant. Many people have been commonly using hemp seed oil for cooking and as an ingredient in various beauty products for many years.

Hemp seed oil from the Cannabis sativa hemp seeds contains gamma-linolenic acid, omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids, and other nutritional antioxidants. It is also high in B vitamins, vitamin D, E, and protein. People will not get high by taking hemp seed oil, as it contains no tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and little to zero CBD.


People don’t normally use hemp seed oil for recreational purposes because of the limited or absent levels of THC and CBD. Hemp seed oil is used in some nutritional supplements because it contains gamma-linolenic acid, high omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid, and nutritional antioxidant contents.

How It Works

Although exactly how it works is not clear, some people state that hemp seed oils can help people in maintaining good cardiovascular health by increasing-

  • Total cholesterol
  • Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol
  • High-density lipoprotein cholesterol
  • Triglycerides

Effects and Benefits

When hemp seed oil is added to nutritional supplements or products like snack bars, cookies, bread, and yogurt, it provides a wonderful source of nutrients. It is high in essential amino acids and three polyunsaturated fatty acids- linoleic acid, alpha-linolenic acid, and gamma-linolenic acid. Many health benefits of hemp seed oil come from them.

The hemp seed oil offers some possible benefits such as:

  • Providing cardiovascular health benefits
  • Modifying the immune system
  • Relieving constipation
  • Improving skin conditions
  • Improving gastrointestinal conditions
  • Reducing the number of seizures brought on by tuberous sclerosis complex,
  • Improving symptoms of atopic dermatitis, or eczema, due to the presence of the “good” polyunsaturated fats in the oil.

There are some other possible benefits found from hemp seed oil. They include:

  • Anti-cancer effects
  • Anti-aging effects
  • Antioxidant effects
  • Anti-inflammatory effects

How Is It Made?

Hemp oil is produced by pressing hemp seeds. Cold-pressed, unrefined hemp oil is dark to clear light green colored, having a nutty flavor. We get hemp seed oil only from the seeds of the cannabis plant. Hemp oil is made from varieties of Cannabis sativa containing no significant amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the main psychoactive compound present in the cannabis plant. So, hemp seed oil does not have THC.

The making of hemp oil typically includes cleaning the seeds to 99.99% before pressing the oil. Although hemp seeds ideally have no THC, sometimes trace amounts of THC may remain in hemp seed oil.

Risks and Side Effects

The following are some potential risks of hemp oil:

  • Some people experience skin irritation after using topical oils containing CBD, perhaps due to an allergy.
  • Ingesting CBD-containing hemp oil can cause an upset stomach or diarrhea.
  • Less than 0.3% of the dry weight of hemp seed oil contains THC, which, unlikely, may cause people to experience a high consuming it.


Unlike hemp seed oil, CBD oil is produced from the hemp plant’s stalks, leaves, and flowers. This oil contains a higher concentration of CBD, a compound with many different potential health benefits.

People can generally find three different types of CBD oil on the market:

  • Full-spectrum CBD oil, containing all compounds of the cannabis plant, including, THC but not more than 0.3%.
  • Broad-spectrum CBD oil, which contains all other compounds except THC
  • CBD oil made from CBD isolate, containing only CBD


Some people use CBD oils only for their medicinal benefits. Many think that CBD influences other receptors, including opioid receptors that regulate pain, glycine receptors involved in regulating the “feel-good” hormone and serotonin, the neurotransmitter.

According to many proponents, CBD oil can treat a wide variety of health problems, such as:

  • Acne
  • Anorexia
  • Anxiety
  • Chronic pain
  • Depression
  • Drug addiction and withdrawal
  • Epilepsy
  • Glaucoma
  • High blood pressure
  • Insomnia
  • Muscle spasms
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Pain and inflammation
  • Anxiety and depression
  • Addiction management
  • Inflammatory skin conditions
  • Neurodegenerative conditions

Since full-spectrum CBD oil contains THC, some people use it for recreational purposes for its psychoactive effects. Other effects of THC include preventing nausea and vomiting.

How It Works

Researchers are still in the route to determine how CBD affects the body. But they explain that it works in several ways, including:

  • Activating the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 that plays a role in regulating pain, and g-coupled receptor 55
  • Inhibiting endocannabinoid reuptake
  • Increasing the activity of serotonin receptors

The THC in full-spectrum CBD oil is responsible for its psychoactive effects. It works by binding with the CB1 receptor in the endocannabinoid system. Full and broad-spectrum CBD oils may also have beta-caryophyllene that help work by binding to the CB2 receptors.

Effects and Benefits

CBD oil is gaining pace in the health and wellness world, as some scientific studies confirm that several components of the different CBD oils have specific effects like:

  • Antiepileptic
  • Pain-relieving
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Antianxiety
  • Antidepressiveanti-nausea
  • Antioxidant
  • Antitumor
  • Anti-cancer
  • Neuroprotective

CBD oil also has some side effects noted in studies. They include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Changes in appetite and weight

How Is It Made?

CBD oil is made from the flowers and leaves of the plant with specialized extraction processes like carbon dioxide extraction, through which manufacturers can draw out an extract rich in CBD and other components. Manufacturers require to keep all components intact for full-spectrum CBD oil, but they need to extract only CBD for CBD isolate.

Although CBD oil is extracted from the hemp or any cannabidiol-rich cannabis strain, it’s made using the entire hemp plant. So, the active ingredient can be listed as a “whole-plant extract,” most commonly CBD isolates or distillates. CBD oil tinctures usually contain some carrier oil, like MCT oil or olive oil etc. Other common labels of CBD oil are full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, PCR, or phytocannabinoid-rich.

Risks and Side Effects

Clinical Research shows that CBD oil is safe and often well-tolerated but triggers limited side effects. It carries some risks too.

Common symptoms of risks and side effects include:

  • Fatigue
  • Decreased appetite
  • Diarrhea
  • Elevated liver function tests
  • Anxiety
  • Changes in appetite
  • Changes in mood
  • Diarrhea
  • Dizziness
  • Drowsiness
  • Dry mouth
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

CBD oil may also increase liver enzymes, and it should be avoided during pregnancy and breastfeeding. A 2018 study from the American Academy of Pediatrics suggested the women by warning that they should avoid marijuana during pregnancy because of the potential risks to a baby’s development.

The Bottom Line

There is a lot of confusion around the names of hemp oil and CBD oil. “Hemp oil” is sometimes referred to by people as CBD oil. Some people may also refer to hemp seed oil as hemp oil. You should remember that hemp seed oil and CBD oil are very different products having different effects.

By John H. Den

John H. Den dedicates all his time to educate people on why they should not suffer anxiety, stress, and depression when CBD can help them. He writes many articles about CBD and how to choose the best brands with high potencies. His work is an inspiration to many people, and he now receives many contracts from the top CBD brands because of his in-depth knowledge.

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